The pressure of the blood between the arteries during circulation is called blood pressure. Pressure levels for a normal person are between 120/80. Pressure is high when the heart pumps the blood into the arteries this is called systolic pressure. Then the heart relaxes at this time the pressure is low and is called diastolic pressure. When the two readings are high then the person has high blood pressure or hypertension, when the readings go below 90/60 it is called low blood pressure or hypo-tension.
Thus, with low pressure, the blood cannot flow properly to the brain, heart and vital organs. The common symptoms of low blood pressure include dizziness, nausea, light-headedness, exhaustion, palpitation and sometimes temporary loss of consciousness. Treatment is not necessary if the symptoms of low blood pressure or high blood pressure are mild. However constant low blood pressure can cause heart problems to a severe extent along with fainting, neurological and endocrine disease. This is a life-threatening situation and can lead to shock in the body.
Yoga techniques are done without use of any drugs and the cure is almost immediate. They can immediately control their low blood pressure. Periodic check up with the doctors can easily relieve the patients. Some techniques used are Uijayi Pranayama, Nadishodhan Pranayama. Pranayama should be practiced in the morning. Certain yoga’s increases blood pressure, strengthens the nervous system, tones the digestive system, strengthens arteries & corrects the flow of blood in the body.
The patients of hypotension can resort to Yoga to find relief. There is blood pressure yoga by means of which relief can be provided. This is in fact a natural remedy for blood pressure.
Breathing exercise for low blood pressure: Bhastrika Pranayam
This hypotension yoga massages the pancreas, kidneys, stomach, small intestines, liver and gall bladder and it can cleanse, rejuvenate, and enhance vitality of the whole body. This hypotension yoga is a relaxation pose which is used to normalize the circulation. It also helps relieve stress and fatigue, and calms the brain.
Paschimotasana as low blood pressure yoga
This low blood pressure yoga is good for those suffering from low blood pressure, diabetes, hyperacidity and migraine. It is known to stimulate the functioning of the internal organs like liver, pancreas and kidney.
Bhastrika Pranayam for low blood pressure treatment
Pranayama deals with controlled breathing, a method of controlling prana or life force through the regulation of breathing. It is the breathing control process of inhalation, exhalation and the retention of vital energy.
Yoga Exercises To Avoid: Those with low BP should avoid postures that change the pressure of the blood in the head. So, if you’re changing from Standing Forward bend or Uttanasana to Mountain pose; Headstand to Child pose; supine postures to seated postures; seated postures to standing postures – then you must do all of these very slowly and while inhaling constantly. You must in fact, take care to do all the postures gently.
Yoga Exercises That You Must Do: You must focus on yogapostures that increase the flow of blood in the head and also those that stimulate the kidneys. Most back bends and twists are good for the kidneys.
Yoga Sequence For People With Low Blood Pressure:
- Uttanasana (Spine Stretching Pose): This yoga posture stretches the spine and massages the abdominal organs. Do this pose for 30 to 60 seconds.
- Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand): Here is a pose that is good for improving the flow of blood to the brain and it also stimulates the pituitary and the thyroid glands. It refreshes the body and energizes the mind. This is best done for 30 seconds.
- Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward Facing Dog Pose): This posture improves the blood circulation in the brain, fingers, toes and neck.
- Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose): This posture strengthens the spine and the joints.
- Ustrasana (Camel Pose): It tones the spine and abdomen as well as the pelvic area.
- Pranayama is also good for these with low blood pressure.
- Surya Namaskara (Salutation to the Sun) is ideal for hypotension patients as it increases blood flow in the body.
- Poses like matsyasana (Fish pose),Ushtrasana (Camel pose) and Chakrasana (Wheel pose) are also beneficial.
- A person who has this ailment can also practice the belly down postures. The seal pose and upward dog poses can help as they massage the abdomen.
- Kapalbahati Pranayama (Frontal Brain cleansing breath) is ideal for patients of hypotension. This can be followed by Uddiyana Bandha (abdominal contraction) and Kumbhaka. It offers similar advantages as the belly down poses.
Regular practice of yoga helps to balance the doshas and to revitalize both the mind and the body. Apart from the available medical therapies, a patient of hypotension can benefit from blood pressure Yoga practice and a healthy diet. He can consult the doctor before taking a specific medication.