Health Tips

What Are The Common Mental Illnesses?

Mental
Written by Sardar Danish

A mental disorder patient needs to struggle with an array of disabilities such as depression, generalized anxiety, panic disorder, OCD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and suicidal behavior. Learning to distinguish the symptoms of these and other mental health disorders will help individuals to get one step closer to receiving the professional mental health treatment they need to lead a happy and healthy life again. In this piece of writing, you will find an overview of a few mental illnesses that can grow insidiously.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, a personality disorder, causes dramatic and unpredictable mood changes, from a manic high to a depressive low, with many variations in between. There are changes in energy and activity levels, affecting the ability to carry out daily tasks that result in damaged relationships, poor school or work performance, and even suicide.

In the manic phase, people appear overly happy and outgoing but still show irritability. They may speak very fast, have racing thoughts, become distracted and take on multiple new projects simultaneously. They appear restless and seem to need little sleep, and believe they can take on almost anything.

Panic Disorder

A panic attack is a sudden surge of anxiety and fear that might occur without warning, leaving a person in utter dismay. Such constant attacks can lead to a panic disorder that is very upsetting as the person has a sense of impending doom or even death. Symptoms may include the following:

  • Sudden, frequent attacks lasting five to ten minutes
  • Sweating, difficulty breathing, weakness, dizziness, racing heart, stomach or chest pain, and feeling too hot or too cold
  • Fear of losing control
  • An illogical sense of danger
  • Fear of a heart attack

While the actual cause of the panic disorder is unknown, genetic factors are suspected as the disorder is believed to run in families.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects a person’s behavior, thoughts, and the way he or she views the world. This disorder is diagnosed by the presence of at least two of the following symptoms for a period of one month:

  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Disorganized speech or incoherence
  • Gross disorganization
  • Flattening of emotion

A diagnosis may be made with only one symptom if the delusions are bizarre or if the hallucination is dramatically prevalent. The signs and symptoms can deeply vary from person to person, both in pattern and in severity. The peak onset time for schizophrenia is during a person’s 20s, while the onset of the disorder prior to adolescence is rare. Help for mental health is the need of the hour. If you feel that you are experiencing such symptoms, it is important to seek help from a mental health specialist. Today, treatments can be customized depending on a person’s mental condition. Advances in the technological and mental health fields have resulted in more effective response services and behavioral programs. If you would like to acquire more information in this regard, you can find mental health helpline resources, and they are just a call away from you.

About the author

Sardar Danish

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