Common name Cloves (E), Lavang (H) Sanskrit Lavanga
Latin Syzygium aromaticum–Flos (Myrtaceae)
- Rasa (taste) Pungent, bitter
- Vırya (energy) Cold
- Vipaka (post-digestive effect) Pungent
- Guna (quality) Unctuous, light, penetrating
- Dosa effect KPV–
- Dhatu (tissue) Plasma, blood, muscle, nerve, reproductive
- Srotas (channel) Circulatory, respiratory, digestive, reproductive
- Volatile oil Up to 20%: eugenol, eugenol acetate, β-caryopyhllene, phenols, ketones, methyl salicylate, vanillin
- Tannins (WHO 1999, Paranjpe 2001)
- Dıpana Appetite stimulant
- Pacana Digestive
- Svasahara Antiasthmatic
- Kantha Benefits the throat
- Sirovirecana Clears the orifices of the head
- Chardinigrahana Prevents nausea
- Hikkanigrahana Stops hiccup
- Sulaprasamana Alleviates intestinal spasms
- Vedanasthapana Analgesic
- Agnimandyanasaka Destroys lack of appetite
Carminative, expectorant, analgesic, aphrodisiac, antifungal/antiseptic, antiemetic, antispasmodic
Digestion Weak, sluggish digestion with pain, flatulence and lack of interest in food. Increases agni without aggravating pitta if used moderately. Specifically used for nausea; its aromatic quality settles excess vata and kapha. Use a cold infusion to settle nausea during pregnancy. May be used to treat a wide range of bacterial and fungal conditions such as Candida albicans (Bhavaprakas´a, WHO 1999).
Lungs Congested lungs; disperses prana vayu. Expels phlegm in cough, asthma, bronchitis and pleurisy. Specific in laryngitis and sore throats. Helps to prevent spasmodic coughs (Bhavaprakas´a). Its ability to reduce ama helps in clearing fevers.
Reproduction Low sex drive, impotence, premature ejaculation and vaginal discharge. Cloves Remove excess kapha in artava and s´ukravahasrotas (Bensky & Gamble 1993, Frawley & Lad 1994).
Pain Specific for toothache; use essential oil applied to the gums or tooth. Apply the essential oil externally to relieve headaches, arthritic pain, areas of poor circulation and back pain.
* Cardamom, ginger for nausea and vomiting.
* Pippali, vasa, vamsa lochana in lung disorders with high kapha.
* Ashwagandha, shatavari, nutmeg in sexual dysfunction.
* Ginger oil in narayan oil in massage for arthritis, sciatica and pain.
High pitta; inflammatory conditions.
No drug–herb interactions are known.
1–3g per day dried powder or 2–10ml of a 1:5 @ 70% tincture.
- Indigenous to the Moluccas it is now cultivated around tropical Asia as a medium-sized evergreen.
- The contradictory classification of its ‘hot’ rasa and ‘cold’ vı-rya energy is interesting. It reflects that ayurvedic energetics are based on empirical evidence, subjective experience and therapeutic results.
- It reduces kapha and va-ta by its hot and bitter quality and reduces pitta by its cool action. This cold action of cloves is displayed via its antiinflammatory effect; it also feels cool as you draw air through your mouth when chewing a clove.