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Bitter Melon (Momordica Charantia-fructus)

Bitter Melon

Bitter Gourd


Bitter Melon

Karela is very common vegetable in our kitchen. It bears good medicinal values to regulate blood suger levels and urinary disorders. it is bitter in taste so called bitter melon which shows healing function on the blood.

Common name Bitter gourd (English), Bitter melon (English), Karella (Hindi) Sanskrit Karavella Latin Momordica charantia–Fructus immaturus (Cucurbitaceae family)


  • Rasa (taste) Bitter, pungent
  • Vırya (energy) Hot
  • Vipaka (post-digestive effect) Pungent
  • Guna (quality) Dry, light
  • Dosa effect VKP−
  • Dhatu (tissue) Plasma, blood, muscle, fat
  • Srotas (channel) Digestive, water, excretory


  • Terpenoids Triterpene glycosides, momordicosides
  • Sterols Charantin, campesterol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol
  • Beta-carotene


Hypoglycemic, carminative, vermifuge, bitter tonic, cholagogue, immune booster, purgative, diuretic, lithotriptic, alterative, vulnerary


Diabetes  Karela has amazing anti diabetic properties. Charantin chemical in Karela is effective hypoglycaemica and effective than insulin without side effects. Bitter principle clears the kapha obstructing pancreatic function. Karela reduces blood and urine sugar doing insulin resistance.

Digestion Karela shows antihelmintic action in our gut. It also shows vermicidal effects of flushing bacteria and parasites. It reduces inflammation in the intestines. It is bitter in taste which also induce better digestion and absorption.

Urine Karela helps urinary system for better excretion. It effects water channels to clear kapha from the bodily system. It has formula for urinary system to affects urinary channels.  

Skin  Karela treatts inflammatory skin condition. it has detoxifying action to regulate pitta and clears bile toxins from the body.

Blood Karela has also specific action for the blood. It is good remedy for anaemia to build haemoglobin count by better absorption. 


* Gurmar, fenugreek, trikatu, turmeric in diabetes.

* Manjishtha, bhumiamalaki, gokshura for urinary stones.

* Neem, garlic for worms.

* Amalaki in acidity and inflammation.

* Neem, manjishtha, kutki in skin disorders.


5–10g dry per day or 3–15ml

About the author

Dr. Ram Mani Bhandari

Experienced holistic doctor, healer, teacher, and writer
Specialized in Ayurvedic detox (Panchakarma)
Trained in India and Nepal, the original lands of Ayurveda
Graduate in Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) from the Institute of Medicine at Tribhuwan University in Kathmandu.
Professional member of Australasian Association of Ayurveda (AAA)
Owner of Sunshine Ayurveda

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