Every things have side effects on over use or improperly used. This is the generation of Information technology. Every things are IT based in all aspects. Sameway use of IT is even harmful for our health. IT job is highly paid profession of the time. Even it may cause health hazards in people with lots of long terms effect in health.The proper use of gadgets and devices that keep your health intact is very important, especially when you deal with the same devices for hours together and for years. These effects are dependent upon the use of devices and gadgets as following ways
- The posture –how you sit in front of the computer
- The distance –how far is computer from your eyes
- The level –at what eye level the computer is fixed
- Lack of motion & repetition –the body movement while using computers for the whole day
- The breath –the air you breathe in
- Internet –how close you are with this buddy
The most common health hazards in IT professional are follow with simple preventive measures
Deep-vein thrombosis is the formation of blood clots, which can travel to the brain and lungs, causing strokes, pulmonary embolisms, and other urgent health conditions. Due to the long hours and sedentary lifestyle of many computer users and IT professionals. Extended sedentary periods can cause these dangerous blood clots to form.
Prevention: If you tend to spend long periods sitting at a desk, regularly stand up for a short break—at least every hour or so. Even a quick walk to the bathroom or water fountain can get your blood flowing and prevent clots. You might also want to consider purchasing a standing desk.
Risk of heart disease among those people who spend most of their days sitting infront of computer.
Prevention: Get in the habit of taking regular short breaks to get your legs moving for a few minutes. You can also get in the habit of doing simple exercises whenever you’re reading something and not interacting with a computer.
medical research has found a link between physical inactivity and certain cancers, particularly breast and colon cancer.
Prevention: cancer screening can save lives. If you’re an IT professional who spends a lot of time in a chair, consult with your doctor about your lifestyle habits and discuss screening options.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
This is very common problem among computer users, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome occurs when the major nerve in the wrist becomes compressed after continual physical stress.
Prevention: Regularly stretching your wrists can help combat early symptoms, but it’s especially important to make sure your workstation is ergonomically correct.
Vitamin D Deficiency
Most people get the vitamin D they need through sun exposure. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to a variety of health problems, including bone diseases, multiple sclerosis, and certain cancers.
Prevention: In addition to taking regular short walks outside or taking a daily multivitamin, you can get vitamin D through your diet.
Recent studies have shown that most keyboards and cell phones are teeming with bacteria and other microorganisms.
Prevention: Regularly wiping your keyboard and other desk surfaces with an antibacterial wipe will help prevent bacterial infections.
Anxiety, Stress, Depression
Recently study discovered link between computer usage and depression. IT workers typically manage crises and disaster recovery, which can be extremely stressful.
Prevention: Limiting computer use, especially time on the Internet, during non-work hours can help you avoid depression.
Many IT workers use their electronic devices late into the evening. But before bedtime can limit the body’s production of melatonin, a hormone that helps you fall asleep. Chronic insomnia can lead to other health problems.
Prevention: Consider switching your electronic devices off an hour or half-hour before going to sleep. Dim the lights and read a book to help prepare your body for rest.
Lower back pain
Sitting in an office chair for hours at a time can cause serious aches and pains, especially in the lower back. Over time, bad posture can damage the spinal structure, leading to severe, chronic pain.
Prevention: To avoid lower back pain, pay constant attention to your posture. Placing a lumbar support pillow behind your lower back can help.
Neck and Eye strain
Regular computer usage can lead to neck strain, usually due to improperly adjusted monitors. Also, squinting at the computer screen or your mobile device screen for hours on end can lead to eye strain and headaches.
Prevention: For neck pain, adjust your chair and monitor so that the screen is at eye level and your neck is not tilted while you work. If you’re using a laptop, you can place books or some other sturdy support underneath it to get it at the proper sight level.