According to Ayurveda, high blood pressure involves all the doshas, the heart, and the blood vessels. We can see signs and symptoms of derangement of vata dosha mainly that of ‘Vyana vayu’ in high blood pressure. The treatment is to correct the balance of vata dosha.Pitta visiation is also seen often and should be trated. In ayurveda, High blood pressure is also known as rakta cappa vriddhi. Ayurvedic treatment for high BP aims at balancing these doshas. Sometime an imbalance in kapha too can lead to high pressure.
People with Pitta and Vata predominante constitution and Pitta and Vata imbalance, are more prone to hypertension than any other. Unprocessed anger, frustration, irritability, anxiety and fear leads to mal-adaptation of the endocrine system, which then leads to conditions like hypertension. Treatment is based on bringing these imbalances back to normal. In the treatment of hypertension; nutrition, exercise, breathing exercises (Pranayama), yoga, meditation, behavioral modification along with various herbs and minerals are prescribed.
Ayurvedic Diet for High BP
Ayurveda recommends suitable alterations in the diet of a person with high BP so that the errant doshas can be rebalanced. This includes staying away from irritants and imbibing those elements that help the body in achieving a state of equilibrium.
- Following a vegetarian diet is the best way to reduce high BP. The diet should include vegetables such as parsley, bitter gourd, drumsticks and garlic. Fruits ideal for a high blood pressure reducing diet are grapes, bananas, watermelons, and guavas.
- Dairy products such as cottage cheese, butter (clarified) and milk are good additions to an ayurvedic diet that is beneficial for the treatment of high BP.
- It is best to reduce the intake of caffeine which is actively found in items such as coffee. Caffeine further irritates the system and it also causes the blood pressure to shoot up.
- The intake of salt in the diet has to be reduced along with a reduction in the amount of cereals and pulses that one consumes.
- Red meat and eggs are an absolute no when one is trying to balance the doshas and reduce the incidence of high blood pressure attacks.
- Avoid meat, eggs and salt
- Reduce protein intake
- Follow the following vegetarian diet:
- Vegetables: Garlic, lemon,parsley,
- Fruits: Indian Gooseberry,Grape fruuit, watermelon,
- Dairy: Milk,Cottage cheese,clarified butter.
- Coffee, which contains caffeine, enhances the action of adrenaline and noradrenaline and both are important in increasing blood pressure levels.
- Limit sodium in the diet.
- Cigarette smokers tend to have high blood pressure. Nicotine increases the resting heart rate and increases the release of the adrenaline
- Basil and Neem leaves are best for reducing the hypertension. You just intake them early in the morning on empty stomach.
- Papaya is another best fruit for lowering the BP
Ayurvedic Medicines for High BP
- Gokshura (tribulus terrestris) is a diuretic and an ACE inhibitor. It has been used for treating various health conditions and is known to reduce symptoms related to high BP.
- Rauwolfia serpentine which is popularly known as sarpagnadha is another herb that is extensively used to treat high blood pressure.
- Gulkand is known to have a soothing and calming effect on the body and mind. It also uplifts the mood and helps in keeping tension at bay. It is popularly known as rose petal jam.
- Arjuna significantly lowered blood pressure in human subjects. You can take arjuna as extracts, capsules or tinctures as a heart tonic and to treat hypertension, heart failure, high cholesterol and angina. The bark contains flavonoids, glycosides and tannins, and has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, hypotensive and cardiotonic actions.
- Garlic is a wonder drug for heart. Clinical trials have shown that fresh garlic and garlic supplements may lower cholesterol levels, prevent blood clots, and destroy plaque.
Ayurvedic Lifestyle for High BP
- Regular exercise helps in keeping the body and mind healthy and it also reduces tension. All these add to the wellness of the body and also keep disease at bay.
- Yoga and meditation are prescribed by ayurveda to balance the mind and reduce stress.
- Simple breathing exercises when feeling stressed or tensed can help a lot in keeping blood pressure in check.
- Chanting the mantra ‘OM’ or listening to a recording of it in the early morning and evening is also beneficial
- Yogasana : Asanas like shavasan, padmasan, vajrasan Yogamudra, Dhanurasan, Paschimottasan, Konasan, Matayasan and Matsyendrasan should be practised regularly. All the asanas in which the body is held upside down are prohibited.
- Meditating and practicing breathing exercises regularly are essential to establishing a new relaxation response in place of the hypertensive reflex to stress
Niruha basti Chikitsa (non unctuous enema) will be beneficial in hypertension and should be given by experienced physician.
Dhara therapy is also helpful in treating obstinate cases of hypertension. Oil processed with bala (sida cordifolia) and milk is allowed to drop in small droplets on the forehead of the patient.